Legenda
percorso completo
tratto 5

a piedi

in bicicletta

in auto

a cavallo

After leaving Navarons, the route goes up Val Tramontina. Three km past the town, alongside the Meduna torrent, you will reach the Ponte Racli bottleneck and the dam forming the Redona or Tramonti artificial lake. The main pathway runs alongside the lake for 3 km then turns right along the gorge of the Chiar­zò torrent; once past Campone in the municipality of Tramonti di Sotto, it continues towards Val Cosa and Val d’Arzino.

 

Alternative route Passo Rest (Rest pass)

By continuing on S.S. 552 you will reach Tramonti di Sotto, the Valtramontina campsite, located on the bank of the Meduna torrent, and Tramonti di Sopra; the Val Tramontina Itinerary can take you to the upper part of the Tagliamento river’s valley beyond the Rest Pass. A deviation heading back down to Tramonti di Sotto goes through the picturesque village of Tramonti di Mezzo.

 

The lake itinerary

At the Redona damn, turn left to enter the Val Tramontina Itinerary that goes up Val Silìsia through the hamlets of Faidona and Chievolis. You will get to the Selva artificial lake and once there, you may choose to continue by taking the old military road to Forcella Clautana and Val Cellina. By turning right at the Selva lake on the service road of the damn and after going through two single-line tunnels, you will reach the Ciul artificial lake located in the upper Meduna Valley.

Through a trail alongside the torrent, you can walk or ride your mountain bike heading to Tramonti di Sopra and reach Pradiél.

 

The territory of Val Tramontina is an integral part of the Carnic Prealps and its altitude ranges from 270 to 2306 m asl. Its waterways include: the Meduna torrent and its tributaries Viellia, Chiàrchia, Tarcenò, Chiarzò, Silìsia and part of the Arzino river’s basin encompassing the Tegliara valley and Canal di Cuna. The climate lies between subcontinental and submediterranean.

The whole territory is characterized by numerous mountains including: Caserine Alte (2306 m), Dosàip (2062 m), Fràscola (1961 m), Valcalda (1908 m), Rest (1780), Cuesta Spioléit (1687 m), Col della Luna (1422 m).

Part of the Municipality of Tramonti di Sopra falls within the Friulian Dolomites Natural Park.

The three large artificial lakes are now a distinctive feature of Val Tramontina. Built in the 1950s for energy production purposes, they also feed the lowland crop irrigation system and represent a tourist attraction. The artificial Tramonti lake has submerged the hamlets of Flors, Movàda and Redòna and, in drought periods, their ruins stick out of the water like skeletons bearing witness to the history and the past.

Val Tramontina and its large mountain area, covering a total area of 210 sq km and mostly wooded, is a safe shelter for countless animal species. The fauna inhabiting the valley is typically alpine.Among the animals which may be observed we find the golden eagle, alpine chough, capercaille, chamois, fallow deer, roe-deer, fox, hare, squirrel, mouflon, marten, badger and the edible dormouse. Lakes and rivers are also populated by important fish such as the fario trout, miller’s thumb and crayfish. Another extremely interesting indicator of the quality of the environment is the reappearance of species such as the lynx and the bear; the latter has been recently spotted and its traces found in the area.

The local flora is so diverse that it represents all alpine environments. On the rocks, we can find the edelweiss and saxifrage; on the screes, the alpine poppy and milfoil; in the meadows, narcissi, lilies and orchids; in the pastures, the pulsatilla, globe daisy and bellflower; in wet areas, the golden lily, soldanella and butterwort; in the woods, the strawberry, cornel tree and buckthorn. Val Silìsia is the only place in the whole country where the Daphne blagayana, also known in Tramonti as Rododendri blanc, may be found.

The valley is of glacial origin and was probably inhabited as early as the pre-Roman age. Its villages probably originated between 899 and 951 when the Hungars repeatedly invaded the Friulian plain thus forcing the local population to find shelter on the mountains. The first documents providing evidence of the existence of Tramonti date back to the bull issued by Pope Lucius III on 13 December 1183 and the one issued by Pope Urban III in 1186. A later document issued on 1 May 1220 under the name of “Sentenza Gabalda” defined the border between Meduno and Toppo on one side and Tramonti on the other side, mentioning also the names of the three hamlets as “Ville Inferior, Media, Superior” (Lower, Medium and Upper Villages). On 29 August 1609, the name of the three Villages was changed into Tramonti di Sopra, Tramonti di Sotto and Tramonti di Mezzo, through the “Privilegio Tramonti” granted by the Venetian Republic. Still today, the people from Tramonti when speaking in their own Friulian dialect, refer to the three villages as Vil di Zot, Vil di Mieç, Vil di Zora (Vil meaning village).

Historical evidence regarding Val Tramontina is also provided by some particularly interesting archaeological sites.

The two most important ones are:that of Tridis, discovered in 1880 but now lost, and that of Tramonti di Sotto (July 1991).

 

The number of towns, villages, hamlets, clusters and scattered houses making up Val Tramontina surprisingly exceeds 150 names. They are the result of the inhabitants’ will and need to find settlement areas suitable as pastureland and farmland. When a suitable area was found, they first built a stable then their house. Such expansion, which characterised the 16th century in particular, led the population to grow to 5,000 units.

Here are only some of the villages and hamlets which can still be visited in the valley:

In the Tramonti di Sopra area:

Pràdis: the “Festa del sole” takes place in February when the sun starts shining again on the village.

Frassanèit, di Sopra and di Sotto, with the old renovated school now used as an alpine shelter.

Maleòn: the last hamlet to the North, at the foot of Mount Rest.

In the Tramonti di Sotto area:

Tàmar: the Varnerin camping is open and equipped for overnight stay.

Pàlcoda: the restoration works on the small church are still in progress while those on the bell-tower have already been completed. Pàlcoda is a ‘cell’ of the “Lis Aganis” Ecomuseum.

Vûar: worthy of mention are Rugo house and its porticoes as well as its arches and arcades.

In the Tramonti di Mezzo area:

Canal di Cuna, with its small renovated church.

Cumugnas: towering the town, once inhabited by noble landowners.

In the Chievolis area:

Inglagna: a beautiful hamlet crossed by the brook bearing the same name.

Clez, Val, Posplata: old hamlets which have been rediscovered and are now being restored.

The Campone area has the highest number of hamlets: as many as 20, and all of them have been rebuilt after the earthquake and are inhabited in the summertime: Sàcchiaz, Gai, Zanòn, Sghittosa, Grisa, Martìn, Campone, Cleva di Sopra and Cleva di Sotto, Brandolìn, Pagnàc, Barzanai, Belòz, Pala, Zuliàn, Sclàf, Sialìn, Valènt, Sgualdìn, Piani.